Unlike most costs discussed in economics, an opportunity cost doesn't necessarily involve money. The opportunity cost of any action is simply the next best alternative to that action: What you would have done if you didn't make the choice that you made?
与人类学中说的几分红有差别,次数分红并非一定相关本位币。任何举动的次数分红都可该举动的次优策略:要是你不做出另外寻找,你会干吗做?

The notion of opportunity cost is critical to the idea that the true cost of anything is the sum of all the things that you have to give up.
不在乎次数分红,诚然说的是你应该得为之废弃的少数或者所要投入的人民币。

Opportunity cost considers only the next best alternative to an action, not the entire set of alternatives, and takes into account all of the differences between the two choices.
次数分红只认真思考举动的下一个最好寻找,而并非全数备选策略,除了这样要认真思考到大多数寻找之间的每家差别。

We actually deal with the concept of opportunity cost every day. For example, options for a day off work might include going to the movies, staying home to watch a baseball game, or going out to coffee with friends. Choosing to go to the movies means the opportunity cost of that action is the second choice.
实习上,我每天都在与次数分红的概论交际。比喻,结业某天的寻找大概含有了去看影片,待在睡觉的地方看康乐球角逐,与和同伙流出喝茶。寻找去看影片意味着另外举动的次数分红是另有寻找。

Explicit Versus Implicit Opportunity Costs
显性和隐性次数分红

Generally, making choices includes two types of cost: explicit and implicit. Explicit costs are monetary expenses, while implicit costs are intangible and therefore hard to account for.
一般来说,分红有两类范例:显性和隐性。显性分红是本位币花消,但隐性分红是无形的,是以很困难解惑。

In some cases, such as weekend plans, the notion of opportunity cost includes only these forgone alternatives, or implicit costs.
在特别多状况下,假如是星期天计划,次数分红的概论只含有了另外被废弃了的寻找,与隐性分红。

But in others, such as a business's profit maximization, opportunity cost refers to the difference in the total of this type of implicit cost and the more typical explicit monetary cost between the first choice and the next best alternative.
但在另外点,比喻上班的地方的分红最大化,次数分红指的是这类隐性分红的拢总与最优和次优寻找之间更典型的显性本位币分红的差别。

Analyzing Opportunity Costs
次数分红分解

The concept of opportunity cost is particularly important because, in economics, almost all business costs include some quantification of opportunity cost.
次数分红的概论异常基本,缘于在人类学中,简直每家的高级分红都含有了次数分红的大多数量化。

To make decisions, we must consider benefits and costs, and we often do this through marginal analysis.
做鞭策时,我应该得认真思考出纳和分红,通常我应该通过四周分解来做到这一点。

Firms maximize profits by weighing marginal revenue against marginal cost.
上班的地方通过权衡四周奖金和四周分红来达到分红最大化。

What will make the most money when considering the operating costs?
在认真思考移动运营网分红的状况下,做甚么能赚到最多的钱?

The opportunity cost of an investment would involve the difference between the return on the chosen investment and the return on the other investment.
不失为投入的次数分红含有了所选投入项结果作用和另外投入项结果作用之间的差额。

Likewise, individuals weigh personal opportunity costs in everyday life, and these often include as many implicit costs as explicit.
也地,很特别的大多数在往常日子中也就权衡很特别的大多数次数分红,另外分红通常含有了与显性分红也多的隐性分红。

For example, weighing job offers includes analyzing more perks than just wages.
比喻,准绳办事次数时要多分解工价,而不只仅是待遇。

A higher-paying job isn't always the chosen option because when you factor in benefits like health care, time off, location, work duties, and happiness, a lower-paying job might be a better fit.
高薪办事并非总是最过得去,缘于当你认真思考到譬如医疗保险、公休、办事所在、办事职责和夸姣感等工价时,低薪办事大概更适合用在你。

In this scenario, the difference in wages would be part of the opportunity cost, but not all of it.
在这类状况下,待遇的差别将是次数分红的一有些,但并非全数。

Likewise, working additional hours at a job offers more in wages earned but comes at the expense of more time to do things outside of work, which is an opportunity cost of employment.
也地,一份办事加班加点应该带个大家最新愉快的待遇奖金,但却要投入愉快的工夫去做办事里的各项,这是新工作的次数分红。

(译:雅兰)